Today, two mainstream technologies are the center of concern in IT – Big Data and Cloud Computing. Fundamentally different, Big data is all about dealing with the massive scale of data whereas Cloud computing is about infrastructure. However, the simplification offered by Big data and Cloud technology is the main reason for their huge enterprise adoption. For example Amazon “Elastic Map Reduce” demonstrates how the power of Cloud Elastic Computes is leveraged for Big Data processing.
The combination of both yields beneficial outcome for the organizations. Not to mention, both the technologies are in the stage of evolution but their combination leverages scalable and cost-effective solution in big data analytics.
So, can we say Big data and Cloud computing a perfect combination? Well, there are data points in support of it. Besides that, there are also some real-time challenges to deal with. In this blog, we will discuss both the aspects. We assume you have some idea and knowledge on Big data and Cloud computing.
Big Data and Cloud Computing Relationship
Big data and Cloud computing both the technologies are valuable on its own. Furthermore, many businesses are targeting to combine the two techniques to reap more business benefits. Both the technologies aim to enhance the revenue of the company while reducing the investment cost. While Cloud manages the local software, Big data helps in business decisions.
Let’s start with the basic outline of the two technologies!
Big Data and Cloud Computing
Big data deals with massive structured, semi-structured or unstructured data to store and process it for data analysis purpose. There are five aspects of Big Data which are described through 5Vs
- Volume – the amount of data
- Variety – different types of data
- Velocity – data flow rate in the system
- Value – the value of data based on the information contained within
- Veracity – data confidentiality and availability
Cloud computing offers services to the users on a pay-as-you-go model. Cloud providers offer three primary services, these services are outlined below:
Infrastructure as a Service (IAAS)
Here the service provider offers entire infrastructure along with the maintenance related tasks.
Platform as a Service (PAAS)
in this service, the Cloud provider offers resources like object storage, runtime, queuing, databases, etc. However, the responsibility of configuration and implementation related tasks depend on the consumer.
Software as a Service (SAAS)
This service is the most facilitated one which provides all the necessary settings and infrastructure provides IaaS for the platform and infrastructure are in place.
Cloud Computing Role for Big Data
Big data and Cloud computing relationship can be categorized based on service types:
IAAS in Public Cloud
IaaS is a cost-effective solution and utilizing this Cloud service, Big Data services enable people to access unlimited storage and compute power. It is a very cost-effective solution for enterprises where the Cloud provider bears all the expenses of managing underlying hardware.
PAAS in Private Cloud
PaaS vendors incorporate Big Data technologies into their offered service. Hence, they eliminate the need for dealing with the complexities of managing single software and hardware elements which is a real concern while dealing with terabytes of data.
SAAS in Hybrid Cloud
Analyzing social media data is nowadays an essential parameter for companies for business analysis. In this context, SaaS vendors provide an excellent platform for conducting the analysis.
Being an evolving technology and relatively a new concept, Big data carries few myths. Let’s go through some common Big Data Myths and Facts behind them.
How is Big Data Related to Cloud Computing?
Hence, from the above description, we can see that Cloud enables “As-a-Service” pattern by abstracting the challenges and complexity through a scalable and elastic self-service application. Big data requirement is same where distributed processing of massive data is abstracted from the end users.
There are multiple benefits of Big data analysis in Cloud.
With the advancement of Cloud technology, big data analysis has become more improved causing better results. Hence, companies prefer to perform big data analysis in the Cloud. Moreover, Cloud helps to integrate data from numerous sources.
Big Data analysis is a tremendous strenuous job on infrastructure as the data comes in large volumes with varying speeds, and types which traditional infrastructures usually cannot keep up with. As the Cloud computing provides flexible infrastructure, which we can scale according to the needs at the time, it is easy to manage workloads.
Lowering the cost
Both Big data and Cloud technology delivers value to organizations by reducing the ownership. The Pay-per-user model of Cloud turns CAPEX into OPEX. On the other hand, Apache cut down the licensing cost of Big data which is supposed to be cost millions to build and buy. Cloud enables customers for big data processing without large-scale big data resources. Hence, both Big Data and Cloud technology are driving the cost down for enterprise purposes and bringing value to the enterprise.
Security and Privacy
Data security and privacy are two major concerns when dealing with enterprise data. Moreover, when your application is hosted on a Cloud platform due to its open environment and limited user control security becomes a primary concern. On the other hand, being an open source application, Big data solution like Hadoop uses a lot of third-party services and infrastructure. Hence, nowadays system integrators bring in Private Cloud Solution that is Elastic and Scalable. Furthermore, it also leverages Scalable Distributed Processing.
Besides that Cloud data is stored and processed in a central location commonly known as Cloud storage server. Along with it the service provider and the customer signs a service level agreement (SLA) to gain the trust between them. If require the provider also leverages required advanced level of security control. This enables the security of big data in Cloud computing covering the following issues:
- Protecting big data from advanced threats.
- How Cloud service providers maintain storage and data.
There are rules associated with service level agreements for protecting
- availability of data storage and data growth
On the other hand in many organizations, big data analytics is utilized to detect and prevent advanced threats and malicious hackers.
Infrastructure plays a crucial role to support any application. Virtualization technology is the ideal platform for big data. Virtualized big data applications like Hadoop provide multiple benefits which are not accessible on physical infrastructure, but it simplifies big data Management. Big data and Cloud computing point to the convergence of various technologies and trends that makes IT infrastructure and related applications more dynamic, more expendable and more modular and. Hence, Big data and Cloud computing projects rely heavily on virtualization
Big Data and Cloud Computing Courses
Learning Big data and Cloud computing together comes under specialty course as the two technologies are based on different architectures. Moreover, these specialty courses are only provided by the Cloud service top providers –
- Amazon – AWS
- Microsoft- Azure
- Google- GCP
Before we go to these specialty courses, let’s highlight the most popular and recognized certifications in each stream which help to gain knowledge in respective areas.
Big Data Certifications
Cloudera and Hortonworks are two major providers of Big Data Certifications. Let’s find out which one it better – Cloudera or Hortonworks?
Cloud Computing Certifications
Big Data and Cloud Computing Certifications – Big Data Specialty Certification
AWS Certified Big data –Specialty
The AWS Certified Big Data – Specialty exam assesses technical experience and skills to design and implement AWS services to extract value from data. The examination is for professionals who work on complex Big Data analysis on the AWS platform. It validates a candidate’s ability to:
- Implement core services of AWS Big Data following the best practices of basic architecture
- Designing and maintaining Big Data
- Leveraging tools for automating data analysis
- AWS associate level certification
- Minimum 5 years of experience as a data analyst
- Experience in designing AWS Big Data services
- Experience as an architect
- Format: Multiple choice, multiple answer
- Length: 170 minutes
- Language: English
- Registration Fee: 300 USD
Azure – Designing and Implementing Big Data Analytics Solutions
The exam validates a candidate’s ability to
- Design Big data batch processing and interactive solution
- Design Big data real-time processing solution
- Operationalize end-to-end Cloud analytics solution
Relevant work experience in big data analytics solutions.
- Format: 50-60 questions, 3-4 case studies
- Length: 2-3 hours
- Language: English
- Registration Fee: 4800 INR
Professional Data Engineer (GCP)
The Google Cloud Certified – Professional Data Engineer exam analyze the ability of a candidate whether he can:
- Design the systems for data processing
- Build data structures and databases and maintain it
- Analyze data for machine learning
- Model processes to analyze and optimize business
- Perform reliability design
- Visualize analyzed data and implement policy
- Design to implement security and compliance
Also Read: Introduction to Google Cloud Platform
There are no pre-requisites for the exam.
- Format: Multiple choice, multiple select
- Length: 2 hours
- Language: English and Japanese
- Registration fee: USD $200
No doubt, Big data and Cloud computing is a perfect combination to enhance enterprise capabilities. Though few challenges exist there like data storage capabilities, however, these are negligible before the offered beneficial outcomes. So, we can conclude that Big Data and Cloud Computing is the perfect combination. A single article may not be enough to describe all aspects of the combined features of this duo. Hence, if you gain the knowledge, you will find more data points yourself.
At Whizlabs we leverage the knowledge of both Big data and Cloud computing following the recognized vendor-specific certifications from the streams of AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, and Salesforce. On the other hand, our Big data stream is enriched with Cloudera and Hortonworks certification guides.
Whizlabs assures you a better knowledge space and promising career in the technological arena of Big data and Cloud computing!
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